The Ministry was set up in 1999 after the bifurcation of Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment with the objective of providing more focused approach on the integrated socio-economic development of the Scheduled Tribes (STs), the most underprivileged of the Indian Society, in a coordinated and planned manner. Before the formation of the Ministry, tribal affairs were handled by different Ministries at different points in time
The Ministry of Tribal Affairs is the nodal Ministry for overall policy, planning and coordination of programmes for development of ST’s. To this end, Ministry of Tribal Affairs has undertaken activities that follow from the subjects allocated under the Government of India (Allocation of Business) Rules, 1961. The subjects allocated to the Ministry of Tribal Affairs are as under:
- Social security and social insurance to the Scheduled Tribes;
- Tribal Welfare: - Planning, project formulation, research, evaluation, statistics and training;
- Promotion and development of voluntary efforts on tribal welfare;
- Development of Scheduled Tribes
a. All matters including legislation relating to the rights of forest dwelling Scheduled Tribes on forest lands.
b. Implementation of developmental schemes for the tribals including scholarship to students belonging to such tribes
- Scheduled Areas
a. Regulations framed by the Governors of States for Scheduled Areas;
- The National Commission for Scheduled Tribes
a. Commission to report on the administration of Scheduled Areas and the welfare of the Scheduled Tribes; and
b. Issue of directions regarding the drawing up and execution of schemes essential for the welfare of the Scheduled Tribes in any State.
- Implementation of the Protection of Civil Rights Act, 1955 and the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Act, 1989, excluding administration of criminal justice in regard to offences in so far as they relate to Scheduled Tribes.
Note: The Ministry of Tribal Affairs shall be the nodal Ministry for overall policy, planning and coordination of programmes of development for the Scheduled Tribes. In regard to sectoral programmes and schemes of development of these communities policy, planning, monitoring, evaluation etc. as also their coordination will be the responsibility of the concerned Central Ministries/ Departments, State Governments and Union Territory Administrations. Each Central Ministry/Department will be the nodal Ministry or Department concerning its sector.
The programmes and schemes of the Ministry are intended to support and supplement, through financial assistance, the efforts primarily of other Central Ministries, the State Governments and partly of voluntary organizations, and to fill critical gaps in institutions and programmes taking into account the situation of STs. The primary responsibility for promoting the interests of Scheduled Tribes rests with all the Central Ministries. The Ministry supplements their efforts by way of various developmental interventions in critical sectors through specially tailored schemes. These, comprising schemes for economic, educational and social development and through institution building are administered by the Ministry of Tribal Affairs and implemented mainly through the State Government/ Union Territory Administrations.
The Ministry of Tribal Affairs is functioning under the overall guidance of the Union Minister of Tribal Affairs and assisted by a Minister of State. The administrative head of Ministry is Secretary who is assisted by two Joint Secretaries, one Deputy Director General and one Economic Advisor. Financial Advisor has been assisting Ministry in the internal finance and budget matters. The chief Controller of Accounts helps in budget/expenditure control. The Ministry is organized into Divisions/ Branches and Sections/units. The Ministry of Tribal Affairs has a sanctioned strength of 137 employees with a working strength of 101 officials. There are 49 Group A posts, 56 Group B posts (Gazetted/non-Gazetted), 32 Group C posts, which includes 16 formerly Group D posts which have now become Group C posts as per Sixth Central Pay Commissions recommendations.
The organizational chart of the Ministry
Divisions of the Ministry
- Forest Rights Acts FRA
- Constitutional and Legislative Matter (CLM)
- State Grants
- Parliament, Co-ordination & Vigilance (PC&V)
- Cooperative Marketing and Regulation (CP&R)
- Non Governmental Organization (NGO)
- Official Language
The Chief Vigilance Officer (CVO) in the Ministry provides assistance to the Secretary of the Ministry in all matters pertaining to vigilance and acts as a link between the Ministry and the Central Vigilance Commission (CVC). The CVO looks after the vigilance work in addition to his normal duties as Joint Secretary (Administration) in the Ministry. One Deputy Secretary assists the CVO in discharging his functions.
The Ministry celebrated the ‘Vigilance Awareness Week’ from 31.10.2016 to 05.11.2016. Joint Secretary & CVO, Ministry of Tribal Affairs and Deputy Director General (DDG), Ministry of Tribal Affairs, administered the pledge to the Officers and staff of the Ministry on 31.10.2016 in Shastri Bhawan and August Kranti Bhawan respectively.
Public Grievance Redressal Mechanism
Joint Secretary (Administration) has been designated as Director of Grievances in the Ministry. The details of Director of Grievances such as Room Number, telephone number, etc. have been widely circulated. The Director of Grievances also holds regular meetings with Officers/staff and hear problems and grievances in person. The public grievances are also being monitored through online (CPGRAMS). Public grievances received online through DARPG, President Secretariat etc. are also being attended/ monitored.
Parliamentary Committees and the Ministry
Under the Chairmanship of Shri Ramesh Bais, the Standing Committee on Social Justice and Empowerment took evidence of the representatives of the Ministry on 30.03.2016, in connection with the examination of the Demands for Grants of the Ministry for the year 2016-17.
The Hon’ble Minister of Tribal Affairs made a Statement on the status of implementation of recommendations contained in the 3rd Report of the Standing Committee on Social Justice & Empowerment on Demands for Grants (2014-15) relating to the MoTA in Lok Sabha on 02.05.2016 and in Rajya Sabha on 04.05.2015.
The Committee on Government Assurances took the Oral Evidence of the representatives of the Ministry of Tribal Affairs on 07.07.2016 in respect of the pending assurances.
Progressive Use of Hindi
Hindi being the official language of the Union, Ministry is actively involved in encouraging the use of Hindi in official work. The Hindi Section looks after the work of translation and deals with the Official Language Policy and the Official Language Act. It also monitors the progressive use of Hindi in official work in organizations under the Ministry. Most of the officers and staff have proficiency or working knowledge of Hindi.
Continuous efforts were made to achieve the targets fixed by the Department of Official Language in the Annual Programme for the year 2014-15, for correspondence in Hindi with various offices/regions etc. All the letters received in Hindi are being replied to in Hindi only. During the period of this Report, most of the original letters to ‘A’ and ‘B’ regions were sent in Hindi. All administrative and other reports are being made bilingually. All rubber stamps and printed stationery have also been made in Hindi and English. Section 3(3) of the Official Languages Act is being complied with by the Ministry. In order to remove hesitation of officers/ employees of the Ministry in doing official work in Hindi, Hindi workshops were organized during the year. Inspections were also carried out to review the use of Hindi in official work Sections and two organizations under Ministry. Hindi Salahkar Samiti has been reconstituted in the Ministry to promote the use of Hindi in the official work.
Hindi fortnight was organized in the Ministry during 15th to 30th September, 2014. During this fortnight, activities and competitions like Hindi noting and drafting, Hindi essay writing, typing and shrutilekh were organized. Officers and other employees of the Ministry enthusiastically participated in these competitions.
Upcoming Initiatives of the Ministry
- E-office implementation in the entire ministry will streamline the office file movements and will provide a comprehensive MIS on the file pendency.
- Direct Benefit Transfer of Scholarships using National Scholarship Portal (NSP2.0) is under development